On the left: Nauta about his finding (October 1991). On the right: Nauta about his eureka moment in U-Today's Science & Technology magazine(December 2017).
It turned out to be the first step towards an impressive list of achievements, the most recent addition being the Stevin Prize early this month. Nauta describes the recognition that comes with it as ‘nice’. ‘A bus full of people drove from Twente to The Hague for the award ceremony. Unfortunately, I was only allowed to invite 75 people. It is the joint highest scientific award you can win in the Netherlands (alongside the Spinoza Prize, Ed.), so it’s certainly something special. And it’s for applied research too; I didn’t discover any new material or a black hole. I’m basically just tinkering, an architect assembling something with existing building blocks.’
Handiness was ingrained in Nauta from an early age. Before he studied and obtained his PhD at the UT, he progressed from pre-vocational secondary education (MAVO, now VMBO) and senior general secondary education (HAVO) to pre-university education (VWO). As a matter of fact, after he had finished primary school, he was even advised to attend LTS, the lower technical school, for his continuing education. ‘I would also have been happy as a carpenter,’ says the professor. ‘When something is broken, I want to fix it. I remember creating a chain out of one solid block of wood, just by drilling and sawing. For my fifth birthday, my father gave me a block of wood and a thousand nails and he said: ‘turn it into a block of iron’. To this day, I hammer every nail perfectly straight.’
'Anywhere else, it would be unthinkable for someone to pass on a secured grant to a colleague'
The connection between carpentry and chip design is easy to make. ‘Working with your hands is working with your head. Chip design is precision work, you can't afford any mistakes. Designing a chip is like programming, with the main difference being that a mistake during programming can be solved in no time. If you make a mistake in chip design, you lose maybe a year’s work’, says Nauta. ‘So you have to be both precise and sufficiently creative and innovative if you want to be at the forefront of this field. That’s a very fine line to balance on.’
But there are multiple explanations for his recent success. It also has to do with the people around him. ‘Within the department, we have an unwritten rule that we don’t bother each other, but we do help each other if we can. In other departments, there are often multiple PIs (Principal Investigators, Ed.), who don’t collaborate. Anywhere else, it would be unthinkable for someone to pass on a secured grant to a colleague. Here, projects are handed over internally, out of collegiality.’ Finding the right people is a crucial element in this, says Nauta. ‘I’ve always been told I have a knack for that. You often see it in people’s faces, in the lecture hall too. Someone who doesn’t just stare blankly ahead and nod, but challenges you and asks questions. Someone who wants to understand.’
Indeed, 2023 is the year in which many things came together for the professor: Nauta celebrated the 25th anniversary of his Integrated Circuit Design department, he received the Dutch Innovation Award last May (‘a prize that was apparently created especially for me’), the ‘Dutch Nobel Prize’ in the form of the Stevin Prize... ‘And I also became a grandfather,’ he is quick to add. ‘Yes, it has been a good year.’
'It almost feels like I’m redundant, even though I’m still bursting with ideas'
When asked what he will do with the 1.5-million-euro Stevin Prize, Nauta’s answer to de Volkskrant was: ‘Tinker’. ‘It’s not like I need to take on more PhD candidates to start a new project. I currently have 24 PhD positions open; the last one will start in five years’ time and when that person completes their PhD four years later, I will retire.’ He wants to use the money to invest in lab infrastructure and raise the profile of his field. And create some more space for research that does not necessarily need to lead to anything right away. ‘There are a few things - fundamental things - that I still don’t understand very well. I want to invest time in these, to understand them better. Even if it’s not very useful right now, it might be in ten years’ time.’
But at the same time, he is no longer required to do anything; Nauta has effectively secured more research money than he can spend. ‘It’s not like I wake up with the idea that I need to raise money. That stimulus is no longer there, I don’t have to do anything. On the one hand, that is a reassuring thought. It almost feels like I’m redundant, even though I’m still bursting with ideas. Besides: it’s time for the next generation to learn. I want to help them do that.’
To top it all off, this year also saw the ‘explosion’ of ChipTech Twente, a collaboration of companies and scientists centred around Nauta’s department. The professor will be very busy with that too. Nauta envisions a modest role for himself within the cluster, but the plans are ambitious. ‘To have Twente as the hotspot in Europe in the field of chip design, that’s the goal. Everyone knows ASML as the centre of the semiconductor industry. Twente must become the epicentre for chip design.’
'I'd rather stay in a place where I can build something myself, than ride on the back of someone else’s success at Stanford'
One of his motivations is the love for the region in which the Hengelo native grew up. ‘That absolutely factors into it. There used to be just one small chip design company in Twente, called Bruco, which was located in Weerselo. Because of that, it wasn’t easy to retain talent. 25 years ago, this field was uncharted territory in Twente; now, nine companies specialising in chip design have established themselves within biking distance of UT. By developing the industry, you provide people with a reason to stay.’
The fact that an initiative like ChipTech Twente has now taken off is anything but a matter of course, according to Nauta. ‘Anne-Wil Lucas (former area director of Kennispark, Ed.) set the ball rolling when she noticed all this activity.’ Within the UT, Nauta never felt that ‘traction’. ‘We also tried to establish a chip cluster at UT, but it didn’t get off the ground. It was just one little department - albeit a good one - backed up by many companies. And in microelectronics at that, which, of course, is not exactly nano-electronics. The centre then shifted to MedTech... But it’s a good thing that UT has put chips on the agenda after all. I hope this will further strengthen the region and encourage more graduates to stay here.’
In a way, 2023 feels like the year in which Nauta has got his dues: success and recognition, in whatever form, despite forces that worked against it. And on his own merit too. ‘Sure, I've had offers from other universities. From Silicon Valley too. But I'd rather stay in a place where I can build something myself, than ride on the back of someone else’s success at Stanford.’