‘A lot changed in those years and this wasn’t always easy’

| Stan Waning

The UT is celebrating its 60th birthday this year. To commemorate this occasion, U-Today will travel back in time with eye witnesses every month. In this eighth episode, we look back at the years 2011-2015. 'It might sound a little pretentious, but the visibility and ambition of the UT increased in those years’.

Photo by: Jellien Tigelaar
Ed Brinksma (left) and Luuk Geurts (right) at the table for a debate on internationalisation.

In the sixty-year history of the UT there was not a single year without changes or adjustments. The same was true for the years 2011 to 2015. In fact, that period was full of large changes, but ask students, teachers and employees from this period about the most significant theme of that time and the majority will come up with a change that left no one unaffected: the introduction of TOM, het Twents Onderwijsmodel.

Ed Brinksma, rector magnificus at the time, recognizes this. From his modest room on the third floor of the Zilverling – the current chairman of the Erasmus University Rotterdam board is still affiliated to the UT as a teacher – he explains why TOM brings up so many memories.

All-encompassing

‘In those years we went from six to four research institutes, two faculties merged, ATLAS was founded, as was the DesignLab. These were all worth the effort, but TOM was so all-encompassing. It was introduced at the entire university. No one could avoid it. Many changes do not concern students much, but not this time,’ Brinksma reflects.

The five principles of TOM

  1. Education is offered in modules of ten weeks (fifteen ECs). Every module is finished in its entirety. The modules consist of different courses that are all coherent to one theme.
  2. Working on a project is the core of a module.
  3. Own responsibility. Students take control of their own learning process. Since modules are large blocks, it is important that students get regular feedback on their progress during the ten weeks.
  4. Collaboration between students. Students work in groups on their projects and collaboration is stimulated in the module courses.
  5. Quickly in the right place. All Bachelor programmes consist of twelve modules. The first two modules play a selecting and referring role, giving the students a clear picture of the nature and contents of the study within half a year. At the end of the year, students receive a Binding Recommendation (BSA) requiring the completion of three out of four modules.

Brinksma still remembers the motives for the TOM introduction very well. He sees a surprising contrast in these motives compared to today. ‘Students get burned out and are overloaded. The question is whether or not we are asking too much of our students. At the time, the government gave us the task to be stricter with our students. The intensity had to go up and the ministry wanted to see concrete plans.’

'I was forced to watch all those students that were enrolled without having earned a single credit. Where were those people? It was a confronting sight'

Digitization

According to Brinksma it was highly necessary to intervene. The UT was dropping in the national rankings to the mid-tier and the percentage of long-term students was far too high. Moreover, Brinksma believed, the UT had to prepare itself for the upcoming digitization. ‘Something had to happen. I was forced to watch all those students that were enrolled without having earned a single credit. Where were those people? It was a confronting sight. A lot of those students were marginalized and no one cared about it. It was as if they were living under a rock.’

The arrival of digitization could be applied within TOM in the introduction of projects. ‘We didn’t want to lose ourselves as educational institution. The time when lectures were the main form of passing on knowledge was over. Learning by doing had to be at the centre of education,’ says Brinksma.

The implementation and execution of TOM caused regular clashes at the University Council. Luuk Geurts was a representative of UReka at the time and remembers the arguments  between the Coucil and the Executive Board well. ‘We received many signals that the implementation and execution of TOM was causing problems for students, employees and study programmes. We would like to adjust a number of aspects of TOM, while to the Board it was all or nothing. I accused them of having an inflexible attitude. Everything had to happen, and all problems were downplayed,’ says Geurts, who studied Business Administration at the UT.

Would TOM leave enough time for student activism? That was the Council’s and students’ largest concern. Geurts: ‘After the introduction of TOM it got harder to find students willing to take on a role in a board. The insecurity was enormous, just like the impact on student life.’

Brinksma understood the critique, but did not give in. ‘Real student activism did not suffer much. Surprisingly enough, students that were greatly involved with activism managed to keep up well. But there was a great diversity in what many students saw as a part of activism. You might wonder if that was right. Activism had to have added value.’

Compensation

The clashes in the Council were intense at times and could reach the boiling point, but the Executive Board did not change its course. ‘We simply couldn’t. It isn’t easy to convince everyone of a new vision, and at the time no one really knew what exactly to do. When you are setting up a new framework, you can’t immediately let it all go. I had to keep everything together, even though there were adjustments in the concept phase and later on. The biggest point of criticism was the requirement for a student to get sufficient grades for all courses, meaning that just one insufficient grade could make them fail the module. However, there was a possibility for students to compensate their insufficient grades.’

The introduction of TOM wasn’t the only matter of debate in the Council. Several programmes changed their main language to English and not everyone was happy about that. The fusion of the MB and GW faculties was impactful too. ‘And yet, these were debates that I look back on with a good feeling. Sometimes it was intense, but after a good discussion we always came out stronger than before,’ says Brinksma.

Geurts agrees. ‘But in hindsight I think that at times we should have been tougher as a Council. Sometimes it seemed as if there was permanent friction, but that was due to the many large changes in those years and often that wasn’t easy. Many of the motives behind the introduction of TOM were justifiable, but it was too rigorous for us.’

'I still support the main ideas. Every model needs to gradually change with its time and if that does not happen for a while – like it was the case back then – then it requires heavy maintenance'

Brinksma looks back at the period 2011-2015 with positive feelings. ‘It might sound pretentious since I was rector at the time, but the visibility and ambition of the UT increased in those years. We mattered again. The years before were definitely not bad, but the appearance of the UT had decayed. TOM definitely contributed to a new surge of energy on campus. Besides, it felt to me as if we somewhat returned to the educational idealism of the THT at the start. I felt the same pioneering mentality.’

And whether he would have acted differently looking back now? ‘I still support the main ideas. Every model needs to gradually change with its time and if that does not happen for a while – like it was the case back then – then it requires heavy maintenance. Times have changed so much already that I couldn’t say whether I would act differently now. I am pleased with the results nonetheless.’

Timeline

The American coffee chain Starbucks sets up shop on the campus, in the Educafé in Zilverling.

Mirjam Bult-Spiering will succeed colleague Kees van Ast as vice-president on 1 October.

She is the first female member of the UT board.

Reopening of the athletics track after a thorough renovation.

The athletics track will be named UTrack.

The patio houses on the Matenweg may finally call themselves national monuments.

The flats were already nominated in 2013. Minister Bussemaker has now approved their nomination.

The UT speaks out against the attack on the editors of the French satirical weekly Charlie Hebdo.

The Executive Board had the text 'Je suis Charlie' placed on the billboard at the main entrance, to express sympathy with the victims.

The renovated open air theatre is officially opened.

The theatre, designed by architect Piet Blom, originally dates from 1965, with a refurbishment in 1987 and a restoration in 1995. In 2013 the open air theatre was threatened with demolition after a subsidy from the bankrupt foundation Kunst & Cultuur failed to materialize.

A flooded cinder track, cold Batavierenrace staff and thoroughly wet runners.

The 42nd Batavians Race, which finishes on the Drienerlolaan, will definitely go down in the books as one of the wettest.

The four Christian student associations in Enschede do not accept that the Gogbot festival last September was given the theme 'erotec'.

They write this in a letter to the Enschede city council. 'The municipality gives the impression that it considers the omnipresence of sexual and pornographic images part of a good image for Enschede,' they argue.

After the (obligatory) closing conference for the first modules of the Twente Educational Model (TEM), various reactions are received.

TEM has its outspoken supporters and opponents, as appears from opinion pieces 'Sad TOM Top Ten' and - as a response - 'The Bright TOM Top Ten'.

Victor van der Chijs succeeds Anne Flierman as president of the Executive Board.

ATLAS, the University College of the UT, starts.

Study association ConcepT builds a Christmas tree from beer crates on the Van Heekplein, to raise money for 3FM Serious Request, which is held in Enschede in 2012.

The 'tree' will be fifteen metres high and consist of 18,000 crates.

Olaf Fisscher, Professor of Organisational Sciences and Business Ethics, was pinned on a ribbon by the Mayor of Enschede, Peter den Oudsten.

Fisscher was appointed Officer in the Order of Oranje-Nassau.

King Willem-Alexander opens The Gallery with a 3D printed key.

The Campusvijvertocht was inspired by the Elfvijvertocht that was held in 1987, 1991 and 1996.

The start was at the Torentje van Drienerlo, the skaters rode laps of one kilometre to the pond near the Hengelosestraat and back.

In the presence of Queen Beatrix, the UT celebrates its 50th Dies Natalis.

Among other activities, there is an honorary doctorate for the Mythbusters.

A 'wailing wall' appears in front of the window of rector Ed Brinksma.

As a protest against announced plans for a new educational model and cuts on sports, culture and graduation support.

After an exciting neck-and-neck race in the last hours, Solar Team Twente and their 21Connect finish the World Solar Challenge in fifth place.

That makes the best ranking ever by then for a Twente solar car, one position higher than four years ago.

Unveiling of the bronze statue of Harry van den Kroonenberg, presented to the UT by the Technologie Kring Twente and the University Fund.

The statue was made by Van den Kroonenberg's daughter Mohana, who also studied at the UT. The former rector is generally recognised as the spiritual father of the term 'entrepreneurial university'.

Security building 'Checkpoint Charlie' is demolished.

The removal of the building should contribute to the integration of the UT terrain and the Business and Science Park on the other side of the Hengelosestraat.

Egbert van Hattem, coordinator of the science shop (now Novel-T SMART), is elected campus poet.

The 50th anniversary of the UT was the reason for the election.